Sunday, May 24, 2020
During the long fifties there was a lot of tension and worry, but many remember this time as quiet and peaceful. These tensions and worries from the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s are evident in the films The Thing from Another World and Rebel Without a Cause. In the following paragraphs I will discuss the various fears that each film finds threatening and how the films suggest that it is managed and contained. The film that I will start out with is The Thing from Another World. The Thing from Another World was produced at the end of the Cold War and the beginnings of the nuclear arms race with Russia, therefore the primary fears of the movie are Russia and communism. American policy makers knew that Russia would not invade the United States or Western Europe, because during World War II 14% of their population was killed, which meant that the Soviets were still weak. Policy makers, however, did have other concerns when it came to the Soviets. American policy makers feared the Soviets would try to expand and if they did try to expand that they would take the 3rd world and the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ allies with them if the United States decided to go on its own. Within the first 15 minutes of the film Russia has already been mentioned. When something is discovered, the film automatically links that discovery to Russia by saying that Russia is Ã¢â¬Å"all overÃ¢â¬ . Whether using spies or their influence, this line implies that Russia has its hands in every country and all kinds of affairs, especially the spaceShow MoreRelatedThe War Of The Cold War1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Cold War was a state of political and military tension stemming from World War II fought primarily between the United States and the Soviet Union. Although the start and end dates of the Cold War are frequently disputed over, it is generally accepted that the conflict started at the conclusion of the Second World War and stemmed from the social climate and lingering tensions in Europe and the increasing power struggles between the Soviet Union and the United States. Along with economic separationRead MoreThe War Of The Cold War Essay1525 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOne major war ended and another to begin. The Cold war lasted about 45 years. There were no direct military campaigns between the United States and Soviet Union. However, billions of dollars and millions of lives were lost. The United States emerged as the greatest power from World War 2. (Give Me Liberty 896) The country boasted about having the most powerful navy and air force. The United states accounted for about half of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s manufacturing capacity, which it alone created the a tomic bombRead MoreThe War Of The Cold War886 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesin an infamous battle against ideologies: The Cold War. Even though war took place during this time, both powers were not involved in battle directly, hence the name cold war. The war mainly consisted of assumed and implied threats of nuclear attacks and political control over states in Europe. Even before 1945, the beginning of the Cold War, tension brewed between the U.S and the U.S.S.R. Both sides had differing views on Europe s state after the war. For instance, programs like the Marshall PlanRead MoreThe War Of The Cold War757 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAs tensions continued to augment profoundly throughout the latter half of the Cold War period, they brought forth a movement from a previous bipolar conflicting course, to one of a more multipolar nature. These tensions were now not only restricted to the Soviet Union and United states, but amongst multiple other nations of the globe. It became a general consensus th at a notion of Ã¢â¬ËpeaceÃ¢â¬â¢ was sought globally, hence, the emergence of dÃ ©tente. The nature of this idea in the short term conveyed itselfRead MoreThe War Of The Cold War961 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1945, beginning year of the Cold War. The development of cold war just started after the end of world War ||. The cold war was the result of conflict between two powerful country Soviet Union and United State. The war was regarding to the lead the world after the World War ||. The Soviet Union wanted to emerge its power to the world and so do the United States too. The research paper mainly focused on various reasons of opposition of two great power of the world Soviets and United States of AmericaRead MoreThe War Of The Cold War1737 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Cold War The Cold War, which is often dated from 1945 to 1989, was a constant state of political and military tension between powers in the West, dominated by the United States with NATO among its allies, and powers in the East, dominated by the Soviet Union along with the Warsaw Pact. The development of Nuclear Weapons and long range shooting missiles by the United States gave a lot of fear and caused mass destruction. The Cold War came about after World War II when America used their atomic bombsRead MoreThe War Of The Cold War1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Cold War consist of tensions between the Soviets and the U.S. vying for dominance, and expansion throughout the world. Their complete different ideologies and vision of the postwar prevented them from working together. Stalin wants to punish Germany and make them pay outrageous sum of money for reparation. However, Truman has a different plan than Stalin. Truman believes that industrialization and democracy in Germany and throughout th e world would ensure postwar stability. Stalin also wantedRead MoreThe War Of The Cold War942 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFeelings Do Matter At the close of World War Two in 1945, the United States entered another kind of war, the Cold War, which did not involve two adversaries in open battle fields using bullets against the Soviet Union. Throughout the Cold War, incidents fueled feelings of anxiety, mistrust and pride. Often pride is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a feeling that you are more important or better than other peopleÃ¢â¬ (Pride). Mistrust on the other hand is the Ã¢â¬Å"feeling that someone is not honest and cannot be trustedÃ¢â¬ ,Read MoreThe War Of The Cold War1636 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe U.S. learned greatly after having been declared the victor of the Cold War. Retired four-star U.S. Army general Colin Powell said, Ã¢â¬Å"The long bitter years of the Cold War are over. America and her allies have won; totally, decisively, and overwhelminglyÃ¢â¬ (Reed 343). The Cold War started after World War II in 1947 and ended in 1991. The U.S. underwent a political war with the Soviet Union in hopes of advancing more rapidly in certain fields, such as nuclear weapons and space crafts. Avoiding nuclearRead MoreThe War Of The Cold War1244 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBoos echoed throughout the streets of Harlem, New York in great waves of disapproval. Hippies holding up signs supporting peace, and posters opposing the Vietnam War, otherwise known as the Cold War, greeted the tired and injured soldiers. The familiarity of their hometown created a sense of peace and warmth, despite the angry cries of protest from the enraged nonconformists. As loved ones embraced their fighters, chants of outrage broke out from the hippies, and the soldiers, relieved to be home
Monday, May 18, 2020
1. Problems, Issues or Disease Progress of Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus refers to a chronic human health condition characterized by prolonged high sugar level in the blood. A group of metabolic disorders like, seizures, lethargy, and jaundice among others, which occur when chemical reactions abnormally alter the normalcy of the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s metabolic processes, causes this condition. Diabetes occurs mainly because of two issues; due to inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas, and due to failure of the bodily cells to respond adequately to the produced insulin. Diabetes can occur in four types. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin. It was thus referred to as either juvenile diabetes orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Severe consequences can be prenatal death. They include pre-diabetes, latent autoimmune diabetes of adults, chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, and congenital diabetes. The general prevention and treatment for diabetes include a healthy diet, doing physical exercises, not smoking tobacco, and controlling oneÃ¢â¬â¢s blood pressure. However, there are management criteria specific to every type of the condition. Type 1 diabetes is managed by injecting the patient with insulin. Type 2 diabetes is managed through medications which may or may not contain insulin (Winter, 2002). The decision on whether to provide insulin or some oral medications to a type 2 diabetes patient is reached depending on how the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s body reacts with the medications. Some medications can cause excessive reduction in blood sugar. Obese patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are recommended for weight loss surgery. Gestational diabetes is manages itself after birth. It may only exist as long as a woman not diabetic is pregnant (Lowe, 2001). This means that it ends when the woman delivers. However, during pregnancy, the mother has to seek medication because of the com plications that come with gestational diabetes mellitus. Monitoring the pregnant womanÃ¢â¬â¢s blood glucose, changes in diet and injection with insulin are also recommendable. Symptoms of diabetes include high throat dryness, increased thirst (polydipsia), increased urination
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
The MediaÃ¢â¬â¢s Negative Influence on Society There is a lot of controversy about how the media affects people, but in my opinion I think the influence we get is more negative than positive. The media is one of the things that impact people the most because in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society it is impossible to ignore. It influences the ways in which we dress, speak, act and think. Media is fed to us through movies, television, radio, social media, music, and magazines. I believe mass media is pressuring the way woman and girls want to look, twists reality, and is sexist towards woman without people even realizing. I think the most dominant affect the media has is on young women. The number one message the media sends is that all females must be skinny toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A teenagerÃ¢â¬â¢s main source of information about sex comes from what they pick up in the media. In television shows, music videos and video games, dressing skimpy, hooking up, and casual sex is totally no rmal. The problem is that there is rarely any mention of protection or STDs. This makes people in real life forget about those things, which leads to unexpected pregnancies and the spread of STDs. After the media demands you to be thin, it also wants you to be provocative and sexual, which I think is completely unrealistic. The media expresses an image, behavior, and lifestyle that are unrealistic for many people. ANAD says that the perfect body portrayed in advertisements is possessed naturally by only 5% of American girls. What many people do not understand, is that celebrities, models, and even News Reporters and broadcasters will not go on screen without altering their natural appearance. From head to toe, they need to look good. Their hair is styled by professionals and artists do their makeup. Their clothing is chosen by stylists and what some people may not know is that many clothes you see celebrities wear, they do not even own. To the people on the other side of the camera, they seem to look perfect all the time, which makes them believe it is attainable. The average person does not have all these luxury services, and when they realize it is impossible to look flawless all the time, itShow MoreRelated Enjoyment of Being a Girl: Overcoming Industry Standards Essay1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshow far is too far? The media is a large source of entertainment for women of today. Women spend the majority of their time looking at magazines for latest fashions or trends. These media sources all share one subject: negative images of women. These places all share one thing; negative images of women. Women are being used as a sex object and are not portrayed how the average woman looks. These portrayals can lead to loss of self-esteem and also weight loss. Women should know that they need their spiritualRead MoreNative Son Racism Essay724 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesRichard WrightÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Native Son, addresses racial issues within the society through the charact er of Bigger Thomas. Bigger Thomas is a young black man living in the Chicago area in the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s where he is hired as a chauffeur by a white family, the DaltonÃ¢â¬â¢s. As a black man, Bigger has a prominent feeling of anxiety and fear about everything that he does around white people, which is instilled in him from the medias racial opinions. The frequent use of media throughout the novel illuminates theRead MoreA Culture Of Perfection : Media s Influence On Adolescents1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCulture of Perfection: MediaÃ¢â¬â¢s Influence on Adolescents Comparison. It is one of the most dangerous and detrimental habits within our society. We fall into a routine of Ã¢â¬Å"self-checkingÃ¢â¬ ourselves against others; mentally taking notes of what we can improve and what we are doing better. We all know that comparison often takes itsÃ¢â¬â¢ toll on our confidence and self-worth; what we may not realize, however, is how early these destructive habits begin and why. The mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s influence is everywhere and itsÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreSkipping to Adulthood: Teenagers Today Essay779 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn todayÃ¢â¬â¢s modern and fast paced society, teenagers have had to rush through life and begin adulthood earlier than the generations before. Many teens have also been expected to make this step in life without the help of a parent or mature adult, because they are too busy with their own lives. The media has replaced parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ jobs of teaching their children about life, and the media surrounds teens with mature themes which affect teenagers in a negative way. Many teenagers have lost a section ofRead MoreMedia s Impact On Society956 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdifferent races and ethnicities. Ã¢â¬Å"The media can influence people s perception about a particular topic or person, it can change attitudes, feelings or behaviors. The television has the strongest influence on the general publicÃ¢â¬ (Mitu, 2011). The mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s impact on society has been studied since the 50Ã¢â¬â¢s. Back then, it was concluded that the media can and does influence society. This influence can be either positive or negative. Over the past five decades the mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s outlet has grown far past anyone could haveRead MoreInterrogation of Ashala Wolf767 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEssay Question; Discuss how EmberÃ¢â¬â¢s ability can be seen as a metaphor for social media and the internet in our contemporary society. Ã¢â¬Å"A systematic dissemination of information, especially in a biased or misleading way in order to promote a political cause or point of viewÃ¢â¬ ,this is the Oxford definition of propaganda and it unswervingly mirrors the ambitions of contemporary social media. Social media today implements retroactive interference which is the theory that information presented later interferesRead MoreEffects of Mass Medias Ideal of Thinness1482 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s current ideals. Concern over the mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s influence on body image has recently risen, striking the notion that many people regard the images shown throughout media as Ã¢â¬ËrealÃ¢â¬â¢. However, unbeknownst to them, such unbelievably thin body types are not quite attainable in reality, and therefore, individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ own beauty ideals and body images become unrealistic. The mass mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s ideal image of thinness has greatly impacted the overall body image of today, and has been linked to negativ e consequencesRead MoreFemale Athletes And Male Athletes1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesItÃ¢â¬â¢s pretty clear that in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society males are the dominate figure in sports. Unlike female athletes, men receive a tremendous amount of media attention than female athletes. Young boys grow up watching television bombarded with heroic images of male athletes. They have something to look up to, while young girls do not receive the same images. Male and female athletes have many equal opportunities when it comes to playing and succeeding in sports. Yet it seems that male sports happen to catchRead MorePositive Adult Role Models1038 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespositive adult role models while growing up; because if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have positive adult role models, teens can be influenced by negative media, negative peer pressure, and teen drug use. The first reason why teens need positive adult role models is, if teens are not influenced by a positive adult role model, they will be influenced by media. First, media has had a large negative impact on the way teen girls see themselves. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t need media telling them they are ugly, or that they are not good enoughRead MoreMass Media Essay1114 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespurposes, comes the influence of all the information we are exposed to. Most might say that mass media has had a positive impact on society as itÃ¢â¬â¢s made communication and information easily accessible for everyone. However, what theyÃ¢â¬â¢re not aware of is the negative influences it has brought to womenÃ¢â¬â¢s body-image. Because of the mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s endless advertisements of what is considered Ã¢â¬Å"beautifulÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"perfectÃ¢â¬ , eating disorders and body dissatisfaction have now become significant issues in society. Adding on to
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Power of Love in A Midsummer Nights Dream Is love controlled by human beings who love one another or is love controlled by a higher power? There are many people who believe that a higher power has control over love. An example of a higher power would be a cupid, a flying angel-type creature who is supposed to shoot arrows at people to make them fall in love. There are other people who reject the idea that a higher power controls love and that the people who experience love can control it. In the novel, A Midsummer Nights Dream, by William Shakespeare, several examples of loves association with a higher power are presented. With the use of examples from the above novel, this essay will discuss the evidence that love isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Thesius authority is the higher power in this example and her love (in marriage) is controlled by the dukes authority by forcing her to marry him. Another example of a higher power controlling ones love can be seen when the relationship between Egeus and his daughter Hermia, is observed. In Act 1, when Hermia confesses her love for Lysander to her father, Lysander, Helena, Demetrius and Thesius, her father Egeus is very upset. Egeus is upset because Hermia is defying his wishes for her to marry the man that he chose, Demetrius. When Hermia objects to her fathers wishes, Egeus starts to threaten her life in an attempt to get her obedience, As she is mine, I may dispose of her/ which shall be either to this gentlemen/ or to her death, according to our law/ Immediately provided in that case (Act I, Pg 9). In this example, the higher power position is assumed by Egeus, Hermias father who is frustrated because his daughter wont marry the man of his choice but a man that she chose, Lysander. Her fathers anger causes Lysander and Hermia to run away, and be followed by Helena and Demetrius. The couples then end up in the Enchanted Forest where a whole series of events that mix up the lovers occur. After everything returns to normal, the couples return to Athens. Interestingl y, Lysander and Hermia end up marrying. The fact that Lysander and Hermia got married proves that love can also defeat a higher power. Hermia defied her father, the higher power and still endedShow MoreRelatedLove in A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream1043 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLove in A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream Throughout the events which unfold in A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream, Shakespeare delivers several messages on love. Through this play, one of the significant ideas he suggests is that love is blind, often defying logic and overriding other emotions and priorities. Helena loves Demetrius unconditionally and pursues him despite knowing that he loathes her; conflict arises between Helena and Hermia, childhood best friends, over Demetrius and Lysander; and becauseRead MoreA Midsummer Nights Dream- Love1141 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In the play, A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream, written by William Shakespeare, a literary technique known as Ã¢â¬Å"doublingÃ¢â¬ is used to convey entertainment, mystery and reality as the story line for Lysander and Demetrius, Helena and Hermia, Oberon and Theseus, and Titania and Hippolyta. Ã¢â¬ DoublingÃ¢â¬ shows indistinguishable personalities of each character but completely contrapositive background stories and actions. Lysander and Demetri us are completely identical except for their personality, actions, and theRead MoreTheme Of Love In A Midsummer Nights Dream1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAn Analysis of Love in A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream Love within the modern society has taken on a flippant meaning, depending on the phraseology used around the context of the word. Love is used interchangeably with the idea that Ã¢â¬Å"I love apple pieÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"I love this new carÃ¢â¬ to the point in which the term love is devalued within our society. How can one say they love their spouse or children and not devalue the true meaning of this intent, when they claim to love apple pie as well? Within the playRead MoreTheme Of Love In A Midsummer Nights Dream907 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream Essay There are several types of love that can be found within the play, Ã¢â¬Å"A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s DreamÃ¢â¬ by William Shakespeare. I will cover the following three types of love found in the play, forced love, romantic love, and parental love. In the play Shakespeare actually tries to show the audience just how fickle love can be and even goes out of his way to poke fun at those who cannot let go of the love that they feel for another person. Another concept that ShakespeareRead MoreEssay on Love In A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream524 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageselements as well as characters Puck and Oberon, the true message of love in William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream is revealed. The four lovers know the direction in which their hearts are inclined to turn, but when the love potion is administered, the bounds of their rectangle are thrashed without knowledge or consent. The rapid shifts in affection between the playÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"four loversÃ¢â ¬ is representative of the idea that love isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a conscious choice, but a cruel game in which we are the figurinesRead MoreTheme Of Love In A Midsummer Nights Dream704 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream central theme of love A common theme in literature is love. Love can take hold in an instant and can make you do things you never would have done otherwise. Love appears in several different ways in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream. Hermia and Lysander show true love, while Helena demonstrates unrequited love. Titania and Bottom presents us with magic love. In the play, love is also the cause of a few broken hearts. While there is no one common definitionRead MoreMidsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream: The Power of Love1260 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Love is a powerful emotion, capable of turning reasonable people into fools. Out of love, ridiculous emotions arise, like jealousy and desperation. Love can shield us from the truth, narrowing a perspective to solely what the lover wants to see. Though beautiful and inspiring when requited, a love unreturned can be devastating and maddening. In his play, A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream, William Shakespeare comically explores the flaw s and suffering of lovers. Four young Athenians: DemetriusRead MoreThe Theme Of Love In A Midsummer Nights Dream755 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshaving a cheerful ending. A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream is a comedy with a theme of loveÃ¢â¬â¢s difficulties. Articulating the theme, Lysander, one of the main characters, states, Ã¢â¬Å"The course of true love never did run smooth,Ã¢â¬ (I.i.134). Female characters of the play, Hermia, Helena, Hippolyta, and Titania, have a significant role in the delivery of the theme of loveÃ¢â¬â¢s difficulties. Hermia, the Ã¢â¬Å"disobedientÃ¢â¬ daughter of Egeus, has much in common with todayÃ¢â¬â¢s females. She let love and the potential of happinessRead MoreTheme Of Love Gone Love And A Midsummer Nights Dream1892 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLiterature Theme Comparison Love is a popular theme in a multitude of literature pieces throughout the times. Forbidden love seems nearly as popular as does love gone wrong and unconditional love. Two tales that contain the theme of forbidden love, the theme of love gone wrong, and the theme of unconditional love are: William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream and Fay WeldonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"IND AFF or Out of Love in Sarajevo.Ã¢â¬ Though these stories were both written many years apart, they have a commonalityRead MoreDifferent Types of Love in Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTypes of Love in Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream Love and lovers, both can be described as many different things. William Shakespeare shows us this in his play, A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream. In this play we see all types of love, from passionate love to foolish love. Along with this we also see different types of lovers and pairs. Examples of these lovers come from pairs like, Hermia and Lysander, Demetrius and Helena, Titana and Bottom, and Oberon and Titana. It seems that in A Midsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream, Shakespeare
Introduction Climate change is one of the major environmental threats facing the world today. It is referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"any distinct change in measures of climatic condition that could last for a long period of time such as major changes in temperature, rainfall, snow or wind patterns lasting for a decade or longerÃ¢â¬ (Allen, 2010). Over the past century, there has been a continuous rise in the levels of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and other green gases (Frumkin et al, 2008) as well as the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface being warmed by more than 0. We will write a custom essay sample on Climate Change is the Biggest Global Health Threat of the 21st Century. or any similar topic only for you Order Now 8Ã °C and by approximately 0.6Ã °C in the past three decades (NASA, 2007). It has been estimated that by the year 2100, the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s mean temperature will increase by an additional 1.8 to 4.0Ã °C, sea levels from 0.18 to 0.59m and a significant increase in weather variability (Solomon et al., 2007). The warming of the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface has brought about severe weather conditions such as torrential rains and flooding, droughts and storms which are as a result of human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels which are rich in carbon and combine with oxygen in the atmosphere to release carbon dioxide that traps heat in the atmosphere (Change, 2007). The annual emissions of CO2 and GHG have increased by 80% and 70% respectively between 1970 and 2004 (Allen, 2010). Deforestation is another human activity that has brought about the continuous change in climatic conditions (Change, 2007). Global Implications of Climate Change. It has been estimated that by the year 2015, Global Millennium Development Goals and the assurance of a safe and sustainable future will be harder to obtain due to the changes in the climate (Allen, 2010). Instances of natural disasters that have happened recently are shown below: The first hurricane ever recorded in the southern Atlantic Ocean in Brazil in 2004 and the Cyclone Nargis which raised a tidal wall 12feet high and forty kilometres long that slammed into Myanmar (Burma) in 2008 are examples of the fact that the earth is changing fast (Epstein et al, 2011 ). In 2003, a heat wave melted 10 percent of the ice in Alps and killed more than fifty two thousand people. One thousand people were killed as a result of a drenching rain in Mumbai which also contaminated water supplies and sickened hundreds. This has led to the spread of Ã¢â¬Å"malaria-carrying mosquitoes, the disappearance of mountain glaciers which threatens drinking water supplies on five continents and at least 150,000 additional deaths recorded worldwide each year as well as five million years of healthy life lost to disabilityÃ¢â¬ (Epstein et al, 2011). Health effects of climate change Climate change affects health in several ways namely: continuous change in disease and mortality patterns, severe weather events, food and water contamination, heat wave, melting permafrost and threats to housing and public infrastructure (Costello et al., 2009, Healey et al, 2011). The major factors affecting human health are Ã¢â¬Å"social, political, economic, environmental and technological factors as well as urbanization, affluence, scientific developments, individual behaviour and vulnerability in terms of genetic make up, nutritional status, emotional well being, age gender and economic statusÃ¢â¬ (Allen, 2010). Other potential health effects of climate change include respiratory and cardiovascular disease related to worsening air pollution, infectious diseases related to changes in vector biology, water and food contamination, nutritional shortages related to changes in food production, allergic symptoms related to increased allergen production (Heinz and Patz, 2004, Heinz et al, 2006). The way pests, parasites and pathogens affect wildlife, livestock, agriculture, forests and coastal marine organisms can also alter ecosystem composition and functions, and changes in these life support systems carry implications for human healthÃ¢â¬ (Epstein, 2005). The adverse health effects of climate change will also bring about migration from flooded and inhospitable places which will encourage population growth, thereby, resulting in Ã¢â¬Å"increased pressure and competition for scarce resources, such as food, water and shelterÃ¢â¬ (Costello et al., 2009). The demand for more food production will give rise Ã¢â¬Å"to high land loss and as a result bring about industrialization, urbanisation, sea level rises and increased floodingÃ¢â¬ (Costello et al., 2009). Figure 1 summarises the major pathways through which population health can be affected by climate change. The right hand boxes show an increase in complexity of causal process where the likelihood that health effects may be deferred or protracted while the middle boxes show the main climatic-environmental manifestations of climate change (McMichael et al., 2006). Climate Change and Health Model The effect of climate change will be greatest on countries that have made little or no contribution to its cause and those with little resources. The implementation of mitigation and adaptation helps to reduce inequity caused by negative effects on social determinants of health in the poorest countries (Costello et al., 2009). Mitigation can be described as the true prevention/intervention to lessen adverse health effects (McMichael et al., 2006). One of the most important factors in mitigating the effects of climate change on health is to bring to focus the past, present and the future events which have contributed to the transition of land, environment and the way of life of people (Healey et al, 2011). To avoid dangerous climate change, mitigation is required to Ã¢â¬Å"reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon biosequestration through reforestation and improved agricultural practices as well as to ensure a rapid, sustained and effective coordination of global and regional actionÃ¢â¬ (Costello et al., 2009). Adaptation Climate change adaptation is required for an improved coordination and accountability of global governance. Climate change health effects can be managed when all sectors of government, civil society and academic disciplines work together to get to an expected end. It is crucial that the local communities get involved in monitoring, discussing, advocating and assisting with the process of adaptation (Costello et al, 2009). Local action is required for the prevention of local flooding and global action to make funds available as well as the needed cooperation of government and international agencies to reduce health inequalities in communities (Costello et al, 2009). Some examples of adaptation measures to climate change are shown in table 1. Table 1: Some examples of adaptation measures to climate change. (Sourced from Bulto et al, 2006) Adaptation optionsCurrent activitiesFuture activities Strengthening primary health care and the public health systemSpecific health promotion and preventive programs designed to reduce population vulnerability. Educational programs of environmental risks, including climate change and their effects on human health.Continuous development of health promotion and preventive programs, increasing community participation on health issues, increasing the participation of local governments and other sectors in developing the best conditions of life. Measures to improve health surveillance systemsProviding forecasts of the main climate-sensitive diseases to all levels of the National Public Health System increase number of early warning systems to predict epidemics.Continuous research to improve forecast models using the necessary indices. Incorporating new diseases and risk factors in the forecast models. Decreasing uncertainty through improved data and research on climate, epidemic, ecologic and social variables. Immunization programs, especially for high-risk groupsMaintaining the current vaccination program and prioritizing new programs.Enhancing vaccination programs immunization program and develop a prevention program for diseases. Improve sanitary conditionsDeveloping responses to increased sanitary demands in all fields (communal, drinking water, garbage, sewage, food, and others). Maintaining contingency plans.Developing educational programs about environmental care with the participation of the community, government, and all sectors. Increasing environment care projects. Improving contingency care projects. Educational programs on radio and TV and newspapersDevelop educational programs on the health risks associated with climate change Implementing new programs on climate-health associations and communicate results to the population, governments and others. Exchange information with international researchers working on climate change and health issuesParticipate in international meetings.Develop new projects with participation from other countries. Other Strategies and Interventions Public health services are very essential for reducing the challenges brought about by climate change. The services can help to Ã¢â¬Å"monitor the health status of the community, investigate and diagnose health problems and hazards, inform and educate people regarding health issues, mobilize partnerships to solve community problems, support policies and plans to achieve health goals, enforce laws and regulations to protect health and safety, connect people to required personal health services, ensure a skilled, competent workforce, evaluate effectiveness, accessibility and quality of health services, research and apply innovative solutionsÃ¢â¬ (Allen, 2010). The health and well being of humans can be increased by developing a variety of strategies for coping with climate change and reversing its ill effects such as recycling materials. These would greatly help to improve personal choices, enhance sustainability, discourage waste and clean up communities (Healey et al, 2011). Another strategy is to create awareness about the effects of climate change by ensuring individuals are educated and well informed as well as engaging people in political action to strengthen communication and ensure more equitable access to facilities (Healey et al, 2011). Interventions put in place to reduce the declination of global freshwater resources caused by rising rates of water extraction and contamination are to scale up water and sanitation services which would help to reduce infectious diseases and avoid the health impacts of decreasing water supplies. Community participation and social mobilization are needed for addressing health concerns and creating healthy environments. The public health community needs a realistic preventive strategy to make sure healthy environments are maintained and developed from local to global needs as well as a sustainable development and protection of ecosystem services which are very important for human health (WHO, 2005). Conclusion In conclusion, climate change should be addressed as an integral part of the big challenge towards a sustainable development. This can be achieved by encouraging communities to get more involved in working towards actualizing change at multiple and socio-ecological levels (Healey et al, 2011). Further attention needs to be placed on this issue by the government as well as the maintenance of public health infrastructure by providing adequate funds for environmental and chronic disease surveillance systems and a well trained work force (English et al, 2009). How to cite Climate Change is the Biggest Global Health Threat of the 21st Century., Essay examples
Question: Discuss about the Process of Global Procurement. Answer: Summary: The global procurement is the process which focuses on different approaches to take appropriate purchase decision. The RAH project requires big procurement decision related to the structural components, support services, HVAC, equipment, lighting, and other finishing elements. There are five stages in the procurement processes which are categorised as identification and analysis, profiling of the supplier market, development of the market engagement strategy, executing the strategy based on market engagements, and implementation of the contract and performance management. The complexity of the goods and services purchase can be overcome by implementing the procurement methods such as open tendering methods, direct procurement negotiation, limited tendering methods, competitive bidding, contracts between public private partnership, and single source. The Efficiency of the strategy can be measured in terms of public private partnership. The PPP contracts are mainly developed in the projects related to transport, water, power, environment, and telecommunication. The different approaches which are included in the procurement processes are planning, designing, constructing, financing, and other mitigation processes. The correct procurement can be implemented by determining the objectives, setting the priorities of the scope procurement, determining the procurement methods, preparing for the tender evaluation plan, evaluation of submissions and conclusion of the tender process, and finally the closure of the contract. The alternative methods which is used for procurement process is traditional design and manage procurement methods. The quality of the overall design can be improved by direct influence with the procurement methods. The Adelaide state government focuses on providing sustainability and development of the medical system, providing more jobs opportunity in the medical sector, and providing relevant medical and clinical services. The PPP contract is developed between state and state health. The RAH is equipped with challenges like complexity in the business case, modification in the design, and others. The goal of the RAH is to promote innovation in the health sector. The risks which are associated with the procurement methods are delay in the project, failure of the cost pressure in meeting contract requirements, management of the industrial disputes, and inadequacy in the health ICT systems, no coordination between RAH site, inefficiency in staff training, benefits and outcome related to inadequate delivery. The risks factors which are associated with the RAH projects are improving the project governance, no proper documentation, consequences associated with strategic risks, lack of transparency i n conceptual framework, timing and cost issue, procurement issue, delay in the ICT system, inefficient training to the staff members, and others.
Monday, May 4, 2020
Jefferson Davis Essay Jefferson Davis was born on June, 3rd, 1808, in Christian County, Kentucky. He was educated at Transylvania University and at the U.S. Military Academy. After his graduation in 1828, he served in the army until bad health forced him to residn in 1835. He was a farmer in Mississippi from 1835 to 1845. Then he was elected to the U.S. congress. In 1846, he resigned his seat in order to serve in the Mexican War and fought at Monterrey and Buena Vista, where he was wounded. He was a U.S. Senator from Mississippi from 1847 to 1857, and a U.S. Senator again from 1857 to 1861. As a Senator, he was in support of slavery and states rights. He also influenced Pice to sign in the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which favored the South and increased the bitterness of the struggle over slavery. (Encarta, Davis Jefferson. 97)In his second term as a Senator he became the spokesman for the Southern point of view. He opposed the idea of secession from the Union as a way of maintaining the principles in the South . Even after the first steps toward secession had been taken, he tried to keep the Southern states in the Union. When the state of Mississippi seceeded, he withdrew from the Senate. On February 18, 1861, the congress of the Confederate States made him president. He was elected to the office by popular vote for a 6-year term and was inaugurated un Richmond, Virginia, the new capital of the Confederacy. He failed to raise enough money to fight the Civil War and could not obtain help for the Confederacy from foreign governments. One of the accomplishments of Jefferson Dacis, was the raising of the Confederate army. Davis had a difficult task to preform. He was the head of the new nation in the beginnings of a major war. The South had inferior railroads compared to the Union, no navy, no gunpowder mills, and a reat lack of arms and ammunition. The Souths only resource seemed to have been of cotton and courage. (Davis, W. P 128). Despite this, the Confederates demolished the North at the battle of Bull Run. Somehow, with limited resources, Dacis made facotries for arms, cannons, powders and ammunition. Old naval yards were restored and gunboats were built. Davis sent agents to Europe to buy arms and ammunition and representatives were sent to try and secure help from England and France. These representatives were unsuccesful. In 1862, Davis appointed Robert E. Lee as the leader of the Army of North Virginia. Lee remained Davis most favored commander and one of the strongerst and most loyal of Davis supporters. In May of 1865, Lee, without the authorization of Davis, surrendered to the North. Upon hearing this, Davis and his cabinet fled farther to continue the struggle. He finally realized defeat and was captured by Northern troops. He was imprisoned for two years, and then released without trial. Jefferson made some minor accomplishments once he was released. Although these are not as great as being the president of the Confederacy, they are quite important to Davis life. After he was released and had regained his health he wrote The Rise and Fall of Government. He became the main spokesperson for the defeated south and was asked to rejoin the Senate, but he declined. He neither apologized nor asked for amnesty for his actions during the Civil War. He believed that he had done nothing wrong. He believed that he needed to stand up for the states rights no matter how bad the conditions got. In other words, he stood up for what he believed in. He never regained citizenship with the United States. He died in 1889 of a complicated bronchial ailment, and was given a huge funeral by southern supporters. He was buried in Hollywood Cemetery, in Richmond, Virginia.